医生假虎刺属F. 艾蒂安 was elected by the Member States of the bet36365体育网站 (PAHO) for a second term as the Director of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau on 27 September 2017, 在第29届泛美卫生会议期间. 她将于2018年2月1日开始第二个五年任期.
在她强有力的领导和战略指导下, the Organization achieved some noteworthy milestones during the past five years. 其中一些可以简要概括如下:
- PAHO successfully led preparedness and response efforts to the Zika and chikungunya epidemics in the Region as well as to the cholera and yellow fever outbreaks in Haiti and Brazil, 分别, while significantly improving the Organization’s response to all declared emergencies and disasters in the Region to within 48 hours.
- 的 Americas was the first WHO Region to successfully eliminate the endemic transmission of measles, 风疹, 还有先天性风疹综合征. 该区域还在6个流行国家中的4个消除了盘尾丝虫病, 沙眼在一个国家, 一些国家已接近获得消除疟疾认证. 历史的注意, seven countries and territories in the Region achieved dual elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis.
- Efforts to prevent and control the chronic non-communicable diseases through legislative and regulatory mechanisms gained considerable traction as more countries have enacted legislation on the labelling of food products, while others have introduced taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages at the national level. Advances have been made in the strengthening of national health systems and services and in the progress toward universal health. 熟练助产士接生从95%增加到近100%, 第一次, the Region of the Americas reached the recommended target of 25 physicians and nurses per 10,000人. Twenty-five countries now have comprehensive financing strategies for universal health coverage. 此外, 41 countries and territories currently participate in the PAHO 循环基金, enabling them to procure high-quality life-saving vaccines and related products at the lowest price, 30个国家利用战略基金, which facilitates pooled procurement of essential medicines and strategic public health supplies.
从2008年3月到2012年11月，他担任博士. 艾蒂安 served as Assistant Director-General for 卫生系统和服务 at the World Health Organization in Geneva, 瑞士. 在此之前, as Assistant Director of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau from July 2003 to February 2008, she led five technical areas: 卫生系统和服务; Technology, 卫生保健, and Research; Health Surveillance and Disease Management; Family and Community Health; and Sustainable Development and Environmental Health.
在世卫组织和bet36365体育网站任职期间. 艾蒂安 led the efforts to renew primary health care and to strengthen health systems based on primary health care, 促进卫生系统的一体化和改善其功能. She has also spearheaded policy directions for reducing health inequalities and advancing health for all through universal coverage, 以人为本保健, 将卫生纳入更广泛的公共政策, 以及包容性和参与性的卫生领导.
的 World Health Report 2010 – Health systems financing: the path to universal coverage 是在Dr. 艾蒂安和世卫组织副总干事. 的 report is globally recognized for providing an agenda for action by countries at all stages of development to move more quickly and in a sustainable manner towards universal coverage, while proposing ways in which the international community can better support efforts to achieve universal coverage and improve health outcomes. Dr. 艾蒂安 has also led the WHO global agenda to support universal access to safe and efficacious medical products and the development of a global code of practice for the international recruitment of health personnel. 她还主持了国际卫生伙伴关系(IHP+)倡议, which seeks to commit partners to work together and put into practice international principles for effective aid and development cooperation in the health sector.
Dr. 艾蒂安 began her career in her native Dominica as a medical officer at the Princess Margaret Hospital, 后来被任命为该国的首席医务官. 她还在多米尼加担任过其他高级职位, 包括初级保健服务主任, 国家艾滋病计划的协调员, 卫生部灾害协调员, 国家艾滋病咨询委员会主席.
Dr. 艾蒂安 received her medical degree (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery-MBBS) from the University of the West Indies, 牙买加, and her Master of Science Degree (MSc) in Community Health in Developing 国家 from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, 伦敦大学.
A more detailed description of PAHO’s achievements can be found in the Quinquennial Report 2013-2017 of the Director, 发表在第29届泛美卫生大会网页上.
链接到博士. 假虎刺属F. 艾蒂安传记注意 (PDF)